Withdrawing Funds Early from Retirement Accounts

By | April 13, 2014

Withdrawing money from a retirement plan prematurely could mean a tax impact. It might be better to seeks money from other sources than withdrawing from a retirement plan due to the tax consequences. 


Withdrawing Funds Early from Retirement Accounts

To discourage the use of IRA for other than retirement purposes, the law requires an additional 10% tax on early distributions from plans IRA plans traditional or Roth IRA, unless an exception.Generally, early distributions are those you receive from an IRA before age 59 ½ years old. The additional tax of 10% corresponds to the portion of the distribution that you must include in your gross income. This is in addition to any scheduled income tax for that amount.

You reinvest distributions or transfers to another IRA or qualified retirement plan are not subject to this additional tax of 10%. There are new changes to IRS rollover rules that limit the amount of times you can rollover an IRS or a 401k.


Here are six tips from the IRS you should know when it comes to premature withdrawal of funds from IRAs.

  1. A premature withdrawal of funds typically means withdraw funds from a retirement plan before age 59 ½ years old.
  2. If last year withdrew funds from a retirement plan, you must report it to the IRS. You may have to pay taxes on the amount withdrawn and how an additional tax of 10 percent.
  3. The additional 10 percent tax does not apply to withdrawals from tax-free funds. Withdrawals from tax-free funds include contributions to participate in the plan. The cost includes contributions that have already been subject to federal tax before being transferred to the plan.
  4. The transferred funds (rollover) is a type of tax-free retirement. Generally, it is a transfer to you in cash or other assets from one plan to another retirement plan. Normally, you have 60 days to complete the transfer and that this is tax free.
  5. There are several exceptions to the additional tax of 10 percent. Some exceptions for retirement plans are different from the rules for IRA accounts.
  6. If you place a premature withdrawal of funds will need to submit the Form 5329 , Additional Taxes on Qualified Plans (Including IRAs) and Other Tax-Favored Accounts, with your tax return.


There are exceptions to this additional tax of 10% for premature distributions that:

  • are made ​​to a beneficiary or estate following the death of the business plan IRA ,
  • disability,
  • are made as part of a series of periodic payments roughly equal throughout his life (or life expectancy) or the joint lives (or joint life expectancy) of you and your designated beneficiary,
  • are qualified first-time homebuyer distributions,
  • are not in excess of your qualified higher education expenses,
  • are not in excess of certain premiums paid health insurance to be unemployed,
  • are not in excess of your unreimbursed medical expenses that are greater than a certain percentage of your adjusted gross incomes,
  • distribution are a reservist who fulfills the conditions.


Health Insurance Payments from IRA

Health insurance. IRA distributions can be taken without penalty to pay for health insurance for you, your spouse and your dependents following a period of unemployment. To qualify, you need to receive unemployment compensation for 12 consecutive weeks due to job loss. The distribution must be taken in the year you received the unemployment compensation or the following year, and no later than 60 days after you have been reemployed.


Additional IRS Resources on Early Withdrawing from Early Retirement Accounts